NATIONAL ELECTION COMMITTEE
The National Election Committee is the independent and impartial agency that supervises the national elections of Cambodia.
The institution official motto is "Independence, Neutrality, Truthfulness, Justice, and Transparency".
Parliamentary Assembly for Sustainable Development Goals
The new NEC regulations based on truth, ethic preservation and correct information management are perfectly balanced and destined to protect voters rights to privacy and information and to foster a responsible communication and reporting. making Cambodia`s one of the top countries in respecting press freedom and responsible journalism.
European Council on International Relations
The election process would be smooth and free, multiparty, open to observers and without violence, the video says.
Noting that there are 20 political parties vying in the elections despite the country only having eight million voters, the video says: “Cambodia is setting another good example for other countries in terms of pluralism, which is the basic principle of a democratic election.” “In brief,” in continues, “the general election scheduled for July 29, could be considered one of the best elections in Cambodia’s history.
“Best election in the sense that this election will be held with the participation of so many political parties coupled with strict implementation of three main principles – being liberal, pluralistic, and democratic – principles that are the best foundation for an election.
Cambodia promises to usher in an era of unprecedented democracy and open society with the starting of the electoral campaign for the country NATIONAL ASSEMBLY, the main chamber of the parliament. The international community expressed his support for this national commitment to hold free and transparent polls and more than 65.000 national and international observers will give their seal of approval to the parliamentary elections slated for Jul 29, 2018.
The three-week long campaign started on Saturday with the candidates for 20 parties outlining their vision for July 29 general election.
In figures elections are encompassing: Twenty political parties that will contest in the forthcoming election, some 8.3 million people cast their ballots, and more than 65.000 national and international observers attending and closely monitoring the process, according to the National Election Committee (NEC).
Conference on OSCE
In front of a media slur and outrageous misinformation campaign, destined to taint Cambodia`s people and authorities determination to host free, equal opportunity and transparent elections, His Majesty King Norodom Sihamoni has the final say, closing any honest debate on the subject: The Kingdom will enjoy free and fair elections and the people of Cambodia will have the full opportunity to express their views and decision for the country direction and leadership.
The royal message writes that:
“On this occasion, I would like to solemnly call for all eligible voters to cast their ballots in order to elect national leaders for development and glorious progress in all fields”.The monarch said the forthcoming election is a free, fair, and confidential election that goes with the liberal multi-party democracy, so the voters should not worry about any pressure or intimidation from anyone or any political party.
“I urge all the compatriots to exercise your rights to vote in according to your own conscience and to freely elect any candidate, any political party that you trust,” King Sihamoni said in a royal message released to the media.
History of National Election Committee (NEC)
From 1998 to 2015, the National Election Committee (NEC) was established according to the law on the Election of Members of National Assembly adopted in 1997 and law on Amendment of this law.
From 2015 to present, having the election reform, new NEC was established according to the law on Organization and Functioning of National Election Committee adopted in 2015.
The NEC is an organization whose jurisdiction is to organize, prepare, and manage the Election of Members of the Senate and the Election of Members of the National Assembly as well as other elections as determined by laws.
The NEC shall independently and neutrally implement its jurisdiction to ensure a free, fair, and just election in accordance with the principles of multi-party, liberal democracy.
1998 - 2002: NEC was composed of eleven (11) Members, (Khmer dignitaries representing citizen, political parties which had seats in the National Assembly, the Ministry of Interior and civil societies), and had organized the Election of Members of National Assembly 1998 and the Commune Council Election 2002.
2002 - 2006: NEC was composed of five (05) members, as Khmer dignitaries, not representing political party and had organized the Election of Members of National Assembly 2003 and the Election of Members of the Senate 2006.
2006 - 2015: NEC was composed of nine (09) members, as Khmer dignitaries, not representing political party and had organized the Commune Council Election 2007, the Capital/Provincial/Municipal/District/Khan Council Election 2009, the by-election of Khan Por Senchey Council 2011, the Members of Senate Election 2012, the Commune Council Election 2012, the Election of Members of National Assembly 2013 and the Capital/Provincial/Municipal/District/Khan Council Election 2014.
2015 - Present : The NEC is composed of nine members. Four members shall be selected by the party leading the Royal Government, four other members shall be selected by the parties having seats in the National Assembly but do not join the Royal Government, and one member is chosen upon the approval between all parties having seats in the National Assembly. NEC has prepared a new voter list 2016 based on the computer system and has been organizing the Commune Council Election 2017.
NEC ACTIVITY AND COMPETENCIES
The National Election Committee shall be responsible for planning, organizing and managing the election in the whole country.
The National Election Committee shall have full right to implement its duties according to this law, the law on elections in force, regulations and procedures on elections determined by the National Election Committee.
The rights, authority, duties and responsibilities regarding planning, organizing, managing and supervising the election are as follows:
Taking all necessary measures to ensure that the elections are free, fair just and by means of secret vote
Preparing work plans, budget and materials and equipment for the election, and publicizing the election calendar
Appointing Provincial/Municipal Election Commissions, Commune/ Sangkat Election Commissions, and Polling Station Commissions
Developing regulations, procedures and directives for the election processes within the framework of the laws in effect
Proposing and enforcing measures to maintain security and public order during the time of the election
Supervising the work of Election Commissions at all levels
Establishing the boundary of the polling stations
Issuing decisions regarding the locations of the voter registration stations, polling stations and vote counting stations
Producing and allocating the electoral materials and equipment
Recruiting and appointing officials to help the Revision of Voters’ Lists and Voter Registration in accordance with the laws, regulations and procedures on election
Preparing the voters’ lists and the register of voters
Reviewing and validating the voters’ lists
Receiving and deciding on the applications of the political parties' registration and political parties' candidates who run for the election according to the election law in force
Managing and supervising the conduct of electoral campaigns
Organizing and managing the voting, counting of ballots, consolidation of the result of the poll, and announcement of the results of the election
Temporarily remove the right to vote or to restore the right to vote - Register the political party running the election or delete the political party from the list. - Delete the candidacy of the candidates who stand for the Election or to recognize their candidacy.
Examining the income and financial expenses incurred by candidates and political parties during the election campaigns
Taking measures and providing coordination to ensure the use of the public media based on the principle of equality and equity
Providing information, data and statistics on the electoral processes to political parties and candidates and receiving suggestions related to the election - Ensuring regular information exchanges and coordination regarding the electoral processes between the National Election Committee and Election Commissions at all levels and political parties, candidates and stakeholders
Producing IEC documents/materials about the election matters
Promoting the public awareness on electoral matters through voters education and public dissemination programs and by other means
Developing documents, programs and training for the electoral officers
Approving and issuing identification cards to political party representatives and national and international observers;
Overseeing to ensure the legality aspect of the implementation of law, regulations and procedures on election
Deciding on all complaints and objections related to the election through public hearing according to the law, regulations and procedures on election, except the complaints which fall under the jurisdiction of the courts
Preventing and monitoring the irregularities in the election
Establishing a committee to destroy the ballot papers used during each Election of Members of the National Assembly after these ballot papers have been stored safely for 6 (six) years and the ballot papers used during each commune/sangkat council election after these ballot papers have been stored safely for 3 (three) years, counting from the polling day of each mandate. The afore-said ballot papers destruction process shall be conducted in an open manner and with participation of relevant political parties.
Implementing other tasks as permitted or required by laws and regulations.
The Chairperson of the National Election Committee shall:
1. Ensure that all members of the National Election Committee comply with election law, its internal rules (by-laws), regulations and procedures and the code of conduct for electoral officers.
2. Convene and lead all ordinary and extraordinary meetings of the National Election Committee.
3. Represent the National Election Committee in relationship with the King, institutions, national and international organizations.
4. Submit annual reports of the National Election Committee to the National Assembly and the Senate.
5. Sign all official documents of the National Election Committee.
The Vice-Chairperson of the National Election Committee shall assist the chairperson according to the tasks allocated by the Chairperson. In the event that the Chairperson is absent or unable to come to work the Vice-chairperson replaces the chairperson as the Acting Chairperson through a letter of authorization.
Members of the National Election Committee shall receive the tasks as defined in the Internal Rules and assigned by the Chairperson of the National Election Committee upon consultation with the Vice-chairperson and members of the National Election Committee.
The National Election Committee may issue a decision to assign its rights to the Municipal/Provincial Election Commission, Commune/Sangkat Election Commission, Polling Station Commission and electoral officers or electoral agents to implement their electoral duties.
The remuneration and benefits for members of the National Election Commissions at all levels shall be determined by the National Election Committee.
WORKING FORMALITIES OF THE NATIONAL ELECTION COMMITTEE
The working modalities of the National Election Committee shall be determined by the Internal Rules (by-laws) established and approved by the National Election Committee.
The Internal Rules of the National Election Committee shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Law and the election law in force after taking office.
The Chairperson of the National Election Committee shall convene the meetings of the National Election Committee.
Members of the National Election Committee shall attend the meetings as convened and invited by the Chairperson of the National Election Committee.
In the event that any member of the National Election Committee fail to attend the meetings or are absent without reason for 3 (three) times she/he shall be deemed to give up his/her position.
One third (1/3) of the members of the National Election Committee shall have the right to make a written proposal attached the specific agenda or subject to the Chairperson of the National Election Committee to convene a meeting of the National Election Committee and the Chairperson shall convene the meeting of the National Election Committee.
The meetings of the National Election Committee shall be valid only if:
- There is a quorum of 2/3 of all members of the National Election Committee for any approvals that require a majority vote of two third (2/3) of all members of the National Election Committee.
- There is a quorum of more than half of all members of the National Election Committee for any approvals that require an absolute majority of all members of the National Election Committee.
The National Election Committee shall adopt the Internal Rules and election regulations and procedures with two third (2/3) majority of all members of the National Election Committee. If it does not meet the above quorum and/or enough vote for approval based on the two third majority of all members of the National Election Committee, the Chairperson of the National Election Committee shall convene a second meeting the next day and the quorum and the vote for approval shall be the absolute majority of all members of the National Election Committee.
Other than the Internal Rules and election regulations and procedures, the National Election Committee shall approve with the absolute majority vote of all members of the National Election Committee.
In case there is an equal vote for an approval of any issue, the vote by the Chairperson of the National Election Committee shall override.
In the event that the functioning of the National Election Committee is stalled due to lack of quorum or lack of adequate vote to adopt any issue the National Assembly shall decide to dissolve the composition of the embattled National Election Committee and shall organize a new membership to replace it according to the provisions of this Law.
All decisions of the National Election Committee shall be announced in public not later than 5 (five) working days after they are made.
This is text to draw the attention of your visitors
FINAL ELECTION MONITORING REPORT
VINATIONAL ASSEMBLY KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA
H.E. Academician Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Kingdom of Cambodia has received at the Peace Palace the delegation of Heads of International Elections Monitoring Missions to Cambodia 2018 Election.
The International and National Elections Monitoring teams comprised around 160.000 electors guaranteeing the free and fair 2018 Cambodian Elections.
On behalf of more than 160.000 observers from 56 countries monitoring the poll, the official report on the July 29, 2018 Elections concludes that:
The pre-election period and campaign was characterized by a free and open legislation, encompassing all the necessary legal and constitutional procedures granting any Cambodian society member the right to partake on the election, to present and promote his candidature and to have the opportunity to express his views and vote.
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More about the FINAL REPORT ON 2018 ELECTORAL PROCESS IN CAMBODIA can be discovered here:
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The campaign climate was peaceful, open with no pressures upon the voters, with anti-money laundry provision ensuring an equal opportunity climate for all the candidates.
The Election Day activities were conducted in a transparent manner, without pressure or state authorities’ intervention in a manner conducive to allowing the free expression of the Cambodian people.
We observed the process of opening the ballot boxes, casting vote, closing stations, and counting the ballots. We observed that the Cambodian voters seem to be enthusiastic to participate in the voting.
The voters showed good conduct and discipline during the process,” stated Aminath Eenas, President, Human Rights Commission of Maldives.
The world recognized your legitimate victory declares President professor Dr. Anton Caragea to academician Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia while handing him the international community assessment for Cambodia`s July 29 elections.
President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea remarked that: international community applauds the victory of democracy in Cambodia and read out the final conclusion of the world`s electoral body:
we appreciate that: the vote of 29 July 2018 has expressed in a democratic manner the views and the decision of Cambodian people and the electoral process was clearly transparent, open, all-inclusive and genuine democratic in nature and organization.
As President of Columbia, Mr. Andrea Pastrana, himself an international observer in this elections had declared to the media after the meeting: the full legitimacy can be ascribed to Cambodia`s elections.
Cambodia has passed to a full democratic status and legitimacy and international recognition after the well organized and free, transparent polls of July 29, 2018, endorsed by more than 500 rights groups across the world and appreciated by the global democratic community.
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Information about July 29, 2018 VI NATIONAL ASSEMBLY ELECTION in Cambodia can be accessed here: